The ancient Code of Hammurabi pillar, from c. 1754 BCE, Babylon, depicts at its top King Hammurabi worshipping the Sun God who, he said, inspired him to write down these laws of conduct. (Louvre, Paris)
In ancient Egypt, the Sun was worshiped as the Creator of the universe. (British Museum, London)
After Pharaoh Akhenaten ascended the throne of Egypt in 1352 BCE, he introduced monotheism centered around Aten, the god of the solar disc.
Carved jade pendant showing the face of the Sun God, K’inich Ajaw, 475-500 CE, Honduras, Copan. (U of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia)
Popular representation in India of Surya the Sun God in his celestial chariot drawn by seven horses.
Sun Temple of Konarka, 13th century CE, Orissa, India, designed as Sun God Surya’s celestial chariot.
Sun God Surya, represented in his aspect as Mitra (“the friendly one”), at the Sun Temple of Konarka, India.
Pilgrims at the 2004 Chandrabhaga Festival, held at the seashore of Konarka, India, taking holy bath and saluting Sun God Surya at sunrise.
Sun Buddha, Myanmar.